Maybe this is well known but I was intrigued by finding this in a second hand bookshop:
Chalke wrote it in 1995. On the cross he writes this:
"...to complete the rejection, [Jesus] was abandoned by God the Father. To a large extent, it was this emotional torture which killed Jesus... It shows the completeness with which he was prepared to pay the price of human sin."
This from a man who in 2003 denied a penal substitutionary view of the cross. Having quoted John 3:16, Chalke says
"...how then, have we come to believe that at the cross this God of love suddenly decides to vent his anger and wrath on his own Son? The fact is that the cross isn't a form of cosmic child abuse - a vengeful Father, punishing his Son for an offence he has not even committed. Understandably, both people inside and outside of the Church have found this twisted version of events morally dubious and a huge barrier to faith" (The Lost Message of Jesus, p182).
Anyone know if Chalke has ever explained his earlier explanation of the cross in the light of this later one?